I did think he was a civil libertarian. But, in fact, he was a pedophile. He meant it. I take this from what Allen said directly to me, not from some inference I made. He was exceptionally aggressive about his right to fuck children and his constant pursuit of underage boys. Ginsberg talked often about drug use. Ginsberg worked closely with Alfred W.
In Ginsberg received a note from the chief editor of The New York Times , apologizing for not taking his allegations seriously so many years previous. The United States Department of State responded to McCoy's initial allegations stating that they were "unable to find any evidence to substantiate them, much less proof. Most of Ginsberg's very early poetry was written in formal rhyme and meter like that of his father, and of his idol William Blake.
His admiration for the writing of Jack Kerouac inspired him to take poetry more seriously. In , upon the advice of a psychiatrist, Ginsberg dropped out of the working world to devote his entire life to poetry. Later in life, Ginsberg entered academia, teaching poetry as Distinguished Professor of English at Brooklyn College from until his death. Ginsberg claimed throughout his life that his biggest inspiration was Kerouac's concept of " spontaneous prose ".
He believed literature should come from the soul without conscious restrictions. Ginsberg was much more prone to revise than Kerouac. For example, when Kerouac saw the first draft of "Howl" he disliked the fact that Ginsberg had made editorial changes in pencil transposing "negro" and "angry" in the first line, for example.
Kerouac only wrote out his concepts of Spontaneous Prose at Ginsberg's insistence because Ginsberg wanted to learn how to apply the technique to his poetry. Solomon was a Dada and Surrealism enthusiast he introduced Ginsberg to Artaud who suffered bouts of clinical depression. Solomon wanted to commit suicide, but he thought a form of suicide appropriate to dadaism would be to go to a mental institution and demand a lobotomy. The institution refused, giving him many forms of therapy , including electroshock therapy. Much of the final section of the first part of "Howl" is a description of this.
Ginsberg used Solomon as an example of all those ground down by the machine of " Moloch ". Moloch, to whom the second section is addressed, is a Levantine god to whom children were sacrificed. Moloch is mentioned a few times in the Torah and references to Ginsberg's Jewish background are frequent in his work. Ginsberg said the image of Moloch was inspired by peyote visions he had of the Francis Drake Hotel in San Francisco which appeared to him as a skull; he took it as a symbol of the city not specifically San Francisco, but all cities. Ginsberg later acknowledged in various publications and interviews that behind the visions of the Francis Drake Hotel were memories of the Moloch of Fritz Lang 's film Metropolis and of the woodcut novels of Lynd Ward.
Many of the characters Ginsberg references in "Howl", such as Neal Cassady and Herbert Huncke, destroyed themselves through excessive substance abuse or a generally wild lifestyle. The personal aspects of "Howl" are perhaps as important as the political aspects. Carl Solomon, the prime example of a "best mind" destroyed by defying society, is associated with Ginsberg's schizophrenic mother: the line "with mother finally fucked" comes after a long section about Carl Solomon, and in Part III, Ginsberg says: "I'm with you in Rockland where you imitate the shade of my mother.
He dealt with it directly with 's "Kaddish",  which had its first public reading at a Catholic Worker Friday Night meeting, possibly due to its associations with Thomas Merton. Ginsberg's poetry was strongly influenced by Modernism most importantly the American style of Modernism pioneered by William Carlos Williams , Romanticism specifically William Blake and John Keats , the beat and cadence of jazz specifically that of bop musicians such as Charlie Parker , and his Kagyu Buddhist practice and Jewish background. The power of Ginsberg's verse, its searching, probing focus, its long and lilting lines, as well as its New World exuberance, all echo the continuity of inspiration that he claimed.
He corresponded with William Carlos Williams , who was then in the middle of writing his epic poem Paterson about the industrial city near his home. After attending a reading by Williams, Ginsberg sent the older poet several of his poems and wrote an introductory letter. Most of these early poems were rhymed and metered and included archaic pronouns like "thee.
Though he disliked these early poems, Williams loved the exuberance in Ginsberg's letter. He included the letter in a later part of Paterson. He encouraged Ginsberg not to emulate the old masters, but to speak with his own voice and the voice of the common American. From Williams, Ginsberg learned to focus on strong visual images, in line with Williams' own motto "No ideas but in things. Ginsberg claimed that the anaphoric repetition of "Howl" and other poems was inspired by Christopher Smart in such poems as Jubilate Agno.
Ginsberg used this technique in his poetry, putting together two starkly dissimilar images: something weak with something strong, an artifact of high culture with an artifact of low culture, something holy with something unholy. The example Ginsberg most often used was "hydrogen jukebox" which later became the title of a song cycle composed by Philip Glass with lyrics drawn from Ginsberg's poems.
Another example is Ginsberg's observation on Bob Dylan during Dylan's hectic and intense electric-guitar tour, fuelled by a cocktail of amphetamines,  opiates,  alcohol,  and psychedelics,  as a Dexedrine Clown. Allen Ginsberg also found inspiration in music. He frequently included music in his poetry, invariably composing his tunes on an old Indian harmonium, which he often played during his readings.
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He also recorded a handful of other albums. Many of Ginsberg's early long line experiments contain some sort of anaphora , repetition of a "fixed base" for example "who" in "Howl", "America" in America and this has become a recognizable feature of Ginsberg's style. Several of his earlier experiments with methods for formatting poems as a whole became regular aspects of his style in later poems.
In the original draft of "Howl", each line is in a "stepped triadic" format reminiscent of William Carlos Williams. In America , he also experimented with a mix of longer and shorter lines. In "Howl" and in his other poetry, Ginsberg drew inspiration from the epic , free verse style of the 19th-century American poet Walt Whitman. McClatchy , editor of the Yale Review , called Ginsberg "the best-known American poet of his generation, as much a social force as a literary phenomenon. His work is finally a history of our era's psyche, with all its contradictory urges.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American poet and philosopher. See also: A. See also: Allegations of CIA drug trafficking. February Cohen , p. Snyder: Why, it's a lovely positive thing to say Krishna. It's a beautiful mythology and it's a beautiful practice. Leary: Should be encouraged. Ginsberg: He feels it's the one uniting thing. He feels a monopolistic unitary thing about it. Watts : I'll tell you why I think he feels it. I am everybody's servant.
Actually I am not even a servant; a servant of God is no ordinary thing. Archived from the original on March 13, Retrieved August 9, Foreword by Edward Sanders.
Related books and articles
New York: Harper Collins, pp. New York: Random House, pp. Also see, Miles , pp. New York: Random House, p. Retrieved February 18, National Book Foundation. Retrieved with acceptance speech by Ginsberg and essay by John Murillo from the Awards year anniversary blog. Retrieved October 31, I'm Jewish. New York Times. Biography Project. Archived from the original on October 23, Retrieved October 20, Archived from the original on March 11, Retrieved April 14, Allen Ginsberg was born on June 3, , in Newark and grew up in Paterson, New Jersey , the second son of Louis Ginsberg, a schoolteacher and sometime poet, and the former Naomi Levy, a Russian emigree and fervent Marxist.
Philadelphia, Da Capo Press, p. Columbia Review. Retrieved March 5, American Council of Learned Societies. Poetry Foundation, November 6, Edited by Michael Fournier. Modern American Poetry website. University of Michigan Press. Greenwood Publishing Group. David M. Galens ed. Detroit: Gale. Barry Miles Ed. Harper Perennial. Berkeley: University of California Press. Volume 2, Issue 14 of The Pocket Poets series. City Lights Books. California: University of California Press In Hyde, Lewis ed. On the Poetry of Allen Ginsberg ed.
Archived from the original on October 17, Retrieved October 2, The Allen Ginsberg Project. Wayne State University Press. African American Review. Video at fora. Lion's Roar. Retrieved April 3, Shambhala Publications. Wills, D. Dundee: Mauling Press. Archived from the original on May 1, Retrieved March 4, Actually, I'd been chanting it since '63, after coming back from India.
I began chanting it, in Vancouver at a great poetry conference, for the first time in '63, with Duncan and Olson and everybody around, and then continued. When Bhaktivedanta arrived on the Lower East Side in '66 it was reinforcement for me, like 'the reinforcements had arrived' from India. The New York Times. Retrieved August 21, New Jersey is, indeed, a home of poets. Walt Whitman's tomb is nestled in a wooded grove in the Harleigh Cemetery in Camden. Kindle Edition. Evening Standard. Retrieved May 18, California: City of Lights. Deliberate Prose: Selected Essays — Harper Perennial, Cambridge: M.
Spock, the Rev. William Sloane Coffin, Jr. New York, Knopf. Park: Violence and Its Provocation". Retrieved February 17, Archived from the original on March 27, Retrieved August 26, Bloomsbury Publishing. April 26, Archived from the original on November 9, For context, see also Morgan , pp. The Massachusetts Review. Spontaneous Mind: Selected Interviews — Retrieved September 11, Retrieved July 27, Marijuana's rising acceptance comes after many failures.
Is it now legalization's time? The Washington Post. Retrieved August 3, Skyhorse Publishing Inc. Boca Raton News.
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Boca Raton, Florida. October 1, Retrieved December 5, On the Poetry of Allen Ginsberg. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, Daytona Beach Morning Journal. XLVII Daytona Beach Florida. June 3, Book 1. Washington, D. Government Printing Office. The U. Retrieved May 23, Santa Barbara, Calif.
New York: Harper. Ward also illustrated a later broadside version of "Howl", which can be seen in the cited pages. Catholic Worker Homepage. Archived from the original on March 17, Retrieved May 1, The Guardian. December 30, Retrieved April 23, October 4, Archived from the original on November 27, The ship's famous sinking in , the year before Morgan's death, was a financial disaster for IMMC, which was forced to apply for bankruptcy protection in Analysis of financial records shows that IMMC was over-leveraged and suffered from inadequate cash flow causing it to default on bond interest payments.
From to , 42 major corporations were organized or their securities were underwritten , in whole or part, by J. Morgan and Company. After the death of his father in , Morgan gained control of J. Morgan began negotiations with Charles M. News of the industrial consolidation arrived to newspapers in mid-January In , Morgan married Amelia Sturges, called Mimi — She died the following year. They had four children:. Morgan often had a tremendous physical effect on people; one man said that a visit from Morgan left him feeling "as if a gale had blown through the house. As the deformity worsens, pits, nodules, fissures, lobulations, and pedunculation contort the nose.
This condition inspired the crude taunt "Johnny Morgan's nasal organ has a purple hue. Satterlee, has speculated that he did not seek surgery for his nose because he feared the seizures would return. It appeared as if he dared people to meet him squarely and not shrink from the sight, asserting the force of his character over the ugliness of his face.
Morgan smoked dozens of cigars per day and favored large Havana cigars dubbed Hercules' Clubs by observers. Morgan was a lifelong member of the Episcopal Church , and by was one of its most influential leaders. An avid yachtsman, Morgan owned several large yachts. Osborn , launched on 26 May Charles J. Osborn was Jay Gould 's private banker.
Morgan bought the yacht in Morgan Jr. In response to the sinking of Titanic , Morgan purportedly said, "Monetary losses amount to nothing in life. It is the loss of life that counts. It is that frightful death. Morgan was a notable collector of books, pictures, paintings, clocks and other art objects, many loaned or given to the Metropolitan Museum of Art of which he was president and was a major force in its establishment , and many housed in his London house and in his private library on 36th Street, near Madison Avenue in New York City.
His son, J. By the turn of the century, Morgan had become one of America's most important collectors of gems and had assembled the most important gem collection in the U. The collection was exhibited at the World's Fair in Paris in The exhibit won two golden awards and drew the attention of important scholars, lapidaries, and the general public. George Frederick Kunz continued to build a second, even finer, collection which was exhibited in Paris in Morgan was a patron to photographer Edward S.
Curtis was also famous for a magic lantern slide show The Indian Picture Opera which used his photos and original musical compositions by composer Henry F. Morgan died while traveling abroad on March 31, , just shy of his 76th birthday. Flags on Wall Street flew at half-staff , and in an honor usually reserved for heads of state, the stock market closed for two hours when his body passed through New York City. The gemstone morganite was named in his honor. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the — American financier. For the modern company, see JPMorgan Chase. For the historical banking institution, see J. For other people of the same name, see J. Morgan disambiguation. American financier, banker, philanthropist and art collector. Hartford, Connecticut , U.
Amelia Sturges m. Frances Louise Tracy m. Main article: J. The Economist. Retrieved September 16, Fifty Key Figures in Management. Retrieved September 21, Morgan's Way. Pearson Education. Carosso; Rose C. Carosso January 1, The Morgans: Private International Bankers, Harvard University Press. March 31, Archived from the original on October 16, Retrieved April 7, A People's History of the United States. Gordon The Hall Carbine Affair: a study in contemporary folklore. Pandick Press. The Robber Barons. The Tycoons.
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May 1, Book of Odds. Archived from the original on May 2, Retrieved February 20, Archived from the original on September 30, Biographies [ edit ] Auchincloss, Louis. Abrams, Inc. Pierpont Morgan". McClure's Magazine. Retrieved July 10, Brands, H. Morgan to Bill Gates and Oprah Winfrey , pp.
The Morgans: Private International Bankers, — Harvard U. Press, Morgan: American Financier. Melvin I. Oxford University Press. Giedeman, Daniel C. January The World's Work.
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