Creating an artificial island is an expensive and risky undertaking. It is often considered in places with high population density and a scarcity of flat land. The Palm Islands , The World and hotel Burj al-Arab off Dubai in the United Arab Emirates are other examples of artificial islands although there is yet no real "scarcity of land" in Dubai , as well as the Flevopolder in the Netherlands which is the largest artificial island in the world.
Agriculture was a drive for land reclamation before industrialisation. The species of rice that grow on these grounds are more salt tolerant. Another use of such enclosed land is the creation of fish ponds. These reclaimed areas also attract species of migrating birds. A related practice is the draining of swampy or seasonally submerged wetlands to convert them to farmland. While this does not create new land exactly, it allows commercially productive use of land that would otherwise be restricted to wildlife habitat.
It is also an important method of mosquito control. Even in the post-industrial age, there have been land reclamation projects intended for increasing available agricultural land. By , the amount of land reclaimed totalled Beach rebuilding is the process of repairing beaches using materials such as sand or mud from inland.
This can be used to build up beaches suffering from beach starvation or erosion from longshore drift. It stops the movement of the original beach material through longshore drift and retains a natural look to the beach.
Although it is not a long-lasting solution, it is cheap compared to other types of coastal defences. An example of this is the city of Mumbai. As human overcrowding of developed areas intensified during the 20th century, it has become important to develop land re-use strategies for completed landfills. Some of the most common usages are for parks, golf courses and other sports fields.
Increasingly, however, office buildings and industrial uses are made on a completed landfill. In these latter uses, methane capture is customarily carried out to minimize explosive hazard within the building. The underlying fill was deposited from to , mostly consisting of construction debris from San Francisco and some municipal wastes. Aerial photographs prior to show this area to be tidelands of the San Francisco Bay.
A clay cap was constructed over the debris prior to building approval. A notable example is Sydney Olympic Park , the primary venue for the Summer Olympic Games, which was built atop an industrial wasteland that included landfills. Another strategy for landfill is the incineration of landfill trash at high temperature via the plasma-arc gasification process , which is currently used at two facilities in Japan , and will be used at a planned facility in St.
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Lucie County , Florida. Draining wetlands for ploughing, for example, is a form of habitat destruction. In some parts of the world, new reclamation projects are restricted or no longer allowed, due to environmental protection laws.
Reclamation projects have strong negative impacts on coastal populations, although some species can take advantage of the newly created area. The commission was created in response to growing concern over the shrinking size of the bay. Hong Kong legislators passed the Protection of the Harbour Ordinance , proposed by the Society for Protection of the Harbour , in in an effort to safeguard the increasingly threatened Victoria Harbour against encroaching land development.
Reclaimed land is highly susceptible to soil liquefaction during earthquakes,  which can amplify the amount of damage that occurs to buildings and infrastructure. Subsidence is another issue, both from soil compaction on filled land, and also when wetlands are enclosed by levees and drained to create Polders. Drained marshes will eventually sink below the surrounding water level, increasing the danger from flooding.
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about land reclaimed from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds. For land reclaimed from the desert, see Dedesertification. For the disposal of waste material, see landfill. For other uses, see Reclaim. Main article: Beach nourishment. Retrieved Government of Alberta. Archived from the original PDF on Environmental issues: problems and prospects. Bamenda, Cameroon: Unique Printers. United States Department of Agriculture. Washington State Department of Transportation.
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