We can acknowledge the possible cruciality of basic philosophical considerations for viable political emphases.
Containing Community: From Political Economy to Ontology in Agamben - Greg Bird - Google книги
But, in this case, the question is so much more vital because the considerations of a possible coming politics, through a rethinking of community, rely on ontological considerations of the proper, and in this case the dialectic of alienation and appropriation, which entered crucial debate in the 90s. While the question of rethinking the commons remains as important as ever, Greg Bird points out an essential wrestling with the concept of appropriation and the larger problem of the proper in political philosophy that can be found in the broader corpus of three central, interconnected thinkers: Jean-Luc Nancy, Roberto Esposito, and Giorgio Agamben.
Bird focuses particularly on a specific shared time period wherein these three located the pervasive issue in the dispositif of the proper as found, specifically, in Heidegger , noted the importance of breaking from the various instantiations of the proper, and acknowledged political experimentation through extended discourse on community. The late 80s and the majority of the 90s were a period of extended production of materials detailing the main issues of community through both ontological work and theorizing political economy, with the 90s being a moment of a shared second debate on community.
Review – Economy And Ontology From Agamben To Nancy (Taylor Weaver)
Although the book, Containing Community , predominately focuses on a stage in thought shared among these three scholars, Bird is able to activate this period as an essential stage within their broader corpus pp. Containing Community , while divided into five chapters, could be seen as being comprised of two major sections.
The initial section contains only two chapters, but these are essential for setting up the later analysis of Esposito, Agamben, and Nancy.
How is this impact created? In order for the political to exist, there must be a space of encounter between the logic of the police and the logic of equality. Community — how does it exist and how is it conceivable: as preliminary, anticipated, challenged, unrepresentable, inoperative, non-existent, possibly impossible?
At the Limits of the Political
In the modern period the term 'community', as distinguished from 'society', has repeatedly been the subject of much debate and questioning. It is questionable on the one hand with respect to the notion and practice of a holistic ensemble, with its corresponding inclusions and exclusions, and on the other hand with respect to the philosophical and political models of Being-With, in which community is understood as an open process not subject to closure.
It is questionable also because of concrete historical experiences and corresponding fantasies, failed utopias and anxieties.
The debate around community in the s was therefore perceived as a provocation, particularly in Germany, because of the appropriation of the term by national socialists. Today the term has been rehabilitated on the one hand and subjected to fundamental criticism because of its ontological turn on the other hand. It is remarkable, in particular, that the desire for ontology manifests in a specific historical situation: The debate around so-called communitarianism, which juxtaposed two irreconcilable positions, one republican-holistic, the other liberal-individualist, raised doubts whether community was possible at all.
The notion of community did not seem to correspond with our current horizon.
What is envisioned with these endeavours and strategies is a thinking of community that does not give up a leftist i. The renaissance of the discussion about the community is related to political motivations, to discussions about ecological sustainability and the limits of economic growth. Debates about globalization, too, play an essential role in the strife for an adequate understanding of a postnational global community.
In their endeavour to overcome the implications and imperatives of community thinking and to re-think community as a political demand, authors such as Jean-Luc Nancy, Robert Esposito, Maurice Blanchot, or Georgio Agamben enter a contradictory plea, which finds expression in phrase such as 'community without community' or 'unavowable', the 'inoperative' or the 'coming community'.
It can therefore be said that the "quintessence of the thinking of community [consists] not only in a reformulation of the notion of community but most of all in a differentpolitics of community.
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Gemeinschaft — ontologische und politische Perspektivierungen Eds. The question of community touches on the problematic issues of the aesthetic and the political registers: How do people live with each other and how do they organize such co-existence? Fundamentally, how is 'being-with' conceivable and representable? How does such 'being-with' exist, how does it happen, and how does it manifest? We must return to the forgotten dimension of sharing , not as a sharing of things that we can contain and own, but as a process that divides us up and shares us out in common.
I trace this problematic through a range of issues raised by these and many other social and political philosophers. The most prominent message in my book is that given our geopolitical and existential circumstances, from global warming to the recent wave of ethno-nationalism, we need to seriously reconsider how we conceive of living together in the world. Reconsidering how we live together and how the world is shared is one of the most pressing tasks of our time, which is a finite time that is quickly coming to its end.
My current research is based in biopolitical philosophy — an interdisciplinary field of research that examines how life has become a central political issue in our era. Greg Bird's book, Containing Community , won the 12th annual book award from Symposium , the semi-annual journal of the Canadian Society for Continental Philosophy.
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